DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Fish and Wildlife Service
50 CFR Part 16
Injurious Wildlife Species; Review
of Information Concerning Constrictor
Snakes From Python, Boa, and Eunectes genera
Fish and Wildlife Service,
Notice of inquiry.
We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
(Service or We), are reviewing available biological and economic information on
constrictor snakes in the Python, Boa and Eunectes genera for
possible addition to the list of injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act. The
importation and introduction of constrictor snakes into the natural ecosystems
of the United States may pose a threat to the interests of agriculture,
horticulture, forestry; to the health and welfare of human beings; and to the
welfare and survival of wildlife and wildlife resources in the United States. An
injurious wildlife listing would prohibit the importation into, or
transportation between, States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States by any means,
without a permit.
Permits may be issued for scientific, medical, educational, or zoological
purposes. This document seeks comments from the public to aid in determining if
a proposed rule is warranted.
We will accept comments received or postmarked on or before April 30, 2008.
You may submit comments by one of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal:
Follow the instructions for submitting
U.S. mail or hand-delivery: Public Comments Processing, Attn: RIN 1018
AV68, Division of Policy and Directives Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, 4401 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 222, Arlington, VA 22203.
Instructions: We will not accept
e-mail or faxes. We will post all
This generally means that we will post any personal information you provide us
(see the Public Comments section below for
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
Erin Williams, Branch of Invasive Species
(703) 358-2034 or
On September 21,
2006, we received a petition from the South Florida Water
Management District (SFWMD) requesting that Burmese pythons
beconsidered for inclusion in the injurious wildlife
regulations pursuant to the
Lacey Act (18 U.S.C. 42). SFWMD is
concerned about the number of Burmese
pythons found in Florida, particularly
in the Everglades National Park. We are
looking at obtaining information on
constrictor species in the Python, Boa
and Eunectes genera for possible
addition to the injurious wildlife list
under the Lacey Act.
The regulations contained in 50 CFR
part 16 implement the Lacey Act, as
amended. Under the terms of the
injurious wildlife provisions of the
Lacey Act, the Secretary of the Interior
is authorized to prohibit the importation
and interstate transportation of species
designated by the Secretary as injurious.
Injurious wildlife are those species,
offspring, and eggs that are injurious or
potentially injurious to wildlife and
wildlife resources, to human beings, and
to the interests of forestry, horticulture,
or agriculture of the United States. Wild
mammals, wild birds, fish, mollusks,
crustaceans, amphibians, and reptiles
are the only organisms that can be
added to the injurious wildlife list. The
lists of injurious wildlife are at 50 CFR
16.11?16.15. If the process initiated by
this notice results in the addition of a
species to the list of injurious wildlife
contained in 50 CFR part 16, their
importation into or transportation
between States, the District of Columbia,
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or
any territory or possession of the United
States would be prohibited, except by
permit for zoological, educational,
medical, or scientific purposes (in
accordance with permit regulations at
50 CFR 16.22), or by Federal agencies
without a permit solely for their own
This notice of inquiry solicits
biological, economic, or other data on
adding species in the Python, Boa and
Eunectes genera to the list of injurious
wildlife. This information, along with
other sources of data, will be used to
determine if these species are a threat,
or potential threat, to those interests of
the United States delineated above, and
thus warrant addition to the list of
injurious reptiles in 50 CFR 16.15.
You may submit your comments and
materials concerning this notice of
inquiry by one of the methods listed in
section. We will not
accept comments sent by e-mail or fax
or to an address not listed in the
We will not accept
anonymous comments; your comment
must include your first and last name,
city, State, country, and postal (zip)
code. Finally, we will not consider
hand-delivered comments that we do
not receive, or mailed comments that
are not postmarked, by the date
specified in the
We will post your entire comment?
including your personal identifying
If you provide
addition to the required items specified in the previous
paragraph, such as your
street address, phone number, or e-mail address, you may
request at the top of your document that we withhold this
information from public review.
However, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.
materials we receive, as well as supporting documentation we
used in preparing this notice of inquiry,
will be available for public inspection on
or by appointment, during normal business hours, at the
U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, 4401 North Fairfax Drive,
Arlington, VA 22203.
We are soliciting public comments and supporting data to
gain additional information and specifically seek comment on
the following questions:
(1) What regulations does your State have pertaining to the
use, transport, or production of Python, Boa and
(2) How many species in the Python, Boa and
Eunectes genera are currently
in production for wholesale or retail sale, and in how many
and which States?
(3) How many businesses sell Python, Boa or
(4) How many businesses breed
Python, Boa or Eunectes species?
(5) What are the annual sales for
Python, Boa or Eunectes species?
(6) Please provide the number of
Python, Boa or Eunectes species, if any,
permitted within each State.
(7) What would it cost to eradicate Python, Boa or
Eunectes individuals or
populations, or similar species, if
(8) What are the costs of
implementing propagation, recovery, and restoration programs
for native species that are affected by Python, Boa
or Eunectes species, or similar snake species?
(9) What State-listed species would be impacted by the
introduction of Python,
Boa or Eunectes species?
(10) What species have been
impacted, and how, by Python, Boa or Eunectes
January 11, 2008.
Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.
[FR Doc. E8?1770 Filed 1-30?08; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE