The head of
General Tom Thumb has been examined by Mr. Stratton, who
reports of it that the size of the brain is the smallest
recorded of one capable of sane and somewhat vigorous mental
"As regards the balance of the different parts of the head,
'General Tom Thumb' is a very favorable specimen in most
particulars. The anterior and coronal regions are slightly
below an equal balance, the posterior is slightly above.
Some of the individual organs present slight deviations from
the equal balance. In the anterior region, individuality,
form, size, weight, locality, and eventuality, especially
the last, are the largest organs. Cautiousness is
conspicuous in the lateral aspect. The cerebellum seems to
be very small, as defective indeed as I have ever seen it in
an infant of six months. In this particular the 'general' is
a very remarkable case against the doctrine held by some,
that the cerebellum is connected with the regulation of
muscular action; for, if there be
any one thing more than another, for which he can be said to
apart from his diminutive size and fine proportions,
it is his
control over muscular action.
representations of the Grecian statues, Napoleon, Frederick
the Great, the English gentleman, the Highland chieftain,
&c., the rapidity with which he can change his posture, and
the accuracy with which he can imitate the actions and
attitudes -- so far as mere muscular action is concerned --
of the objects represented, are regarded as very remarkable.
His intellectual acquirements are said to be very
limited as yet. It will be extremely important to note his
progress in this particular. It is to be hoped that
phrenologists who happen to meet with the 'general' will
endeavor to inform themselves as accurately as
possible regarding his progress and proficiency in
intellectual pursuits, and report from time to time. His
muscular system has attained a degree of firmness, strength,
and maturity, quite equal to, or rather beyond, the average
of his age. It is legitimate to presume that the brain is
matured in a corresponding degree. His health is said to be
excellent. 'General Tom Thumb' is, then, I repeat, a case of
unusual interest to the phrenological world.
the extremely rare opportunity of solving one question in
the great problem: What amount of manifestation is a
well-balanced and healthy head of a given size capable of?
The 'general' is certainly very near, if he does not
actually touch, the extreme lowest point on the scale of
size. What, then, is a head of 66 or a brain of 40 cubic
inches capable of attaining in his circumstances!" --
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